Download our overview of rootstocks.
Vine, clone and rootstock
Wineplant Ltd. has a large range of high quality, certified vines, clones and rootstocks. Our product list includes vines of wine and table grapes, of resistant wine and table grapes and of special rarities.
Our vaste range of wine and table grape varieties, as well as of resistant wine and table grape varieties permits us to supply vineyards all over the world. Beside international varieties we dispose of many local rarities.
5BB Kober has moderate to high vigor and yield (Cirami,1999). It has a shallow root system and is able to tolerate up to 20% active lime, but is not suited for sites that receive prolonged drought.
SO4 has a shallow growing root system. It tolerates active lime of up to 17-18%, as well as performing satisfactorily in acid soils. It is well adapted to a wide range of soils but does best in sandy, well-drained soils of low fertility. It does not tolerate drought conditions and is moderately sensitive to saline conditions. SO4 assimilates magnesium poorly and this is reported to contribute to bunch necrosis in Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon in French conditions (Galet 1998).
Adapts to a very wide range of soils. Particularly useful for heavy soils which are poorly drained, or for poor stony dry soils. Very good limestone tolerance; up to 50% total, 30% active. Resistant to chlorosis. Strength of growth is vigorous to very vigorous, a little less than 5BB; so a good choice for wide planting training systems. Suitable for all Vitis vinifera varieties but less good for those which are sensitive in flowering (Gewürztraminer etc). (winegrowers.info)
The most resistant to active limestone. Fruitfulness average. High sensitivity to magnesium deficiency.
Rootstock with low vigour, not for chalk/limestone. For vines with high density of planting; early maturation, mainly used for the production of top-of-range wines. Rootstock for acidic soils but very sensitive to chlorosis ; good with humid soils but sensitive to drought.
Not suited to high chalk soils. Roots are phylloxera resistant.
110R does well on poorly drained, shallow clay soils that can suffer from both waterlogging and drought conditions (Whiting, 2003).
This rootstock is moderate to vigorous in growth. It has a deep growing, strongly developed root system (Cirami, 1999). 1103P has proven suitable to be planted in soils with up to 17-18% active lime in France (Galet 1998).
Good behaviour in sandy and acid ground. Consistent high quality.
This rootstock has moderate vigour and is considered a good choice for varieties with poor set, such as Merlot (Candolfi-Vasconcelos 1995, from May 2004). It is reported to be the earliest maturing of this rootstock group (Galet 1998).
8 B Gm
8 B shows medium to vigorous growth and good phylloxera hardiness. It has medium to good rooting and grafting characteristics. It's one of the best rootstock varieties for heavy and difficult soil conditions, especially when higher free lime contents are a problem. 8B performs also well and with good vigour on dryer sites, that are well drained, stony and profound.
Early and good behaviour in light and deep ground. It decreases the risks of penduncular rot but is to be avoided with Pinots. Sensitive to nematodes.
This rootstock is considered to have low-moderate vigor and adapts well to calcareous soils (20% active lime). It is reported to assist scion fertility for varieties susceptible to poor set (Candolfi-Vasconcelos 1995, from May 2004), and has a long vegetative cycle.
420A has a shallow growing and well branched root system that is well suited to poorer, heavy-textured soils. It is susceptible to drought, saline conditions (Southey 1992) and waterlogging (Whiting 2003).
140R is a very hardy rootstock suitable for the most challenging drought conditions. It is also able to tolerate active lime up to 20% and is adapted to acid soils. 140R has a high resistance to root-knot nematode but low resistance to root-lesion and citrus nematode (Whiting, 2004 and Nicol et al., 1999).
Very high tolerance to active limestone, but sensitive to nematodes.
This rootstock is used in France by growers wanting a low vigour rootstock that encourages quality and has active resistance to lime (Galet 1998).
Schwarzmann is a moderate to low-yielding rootstock in cool and warm climates; however, in the hot climate of the Riverland, it is a high-yielding rootstock. This rootstock appears to be suited to a wide number of applications, provided that it is planted where there is an adequate supply of good quality water on sandy soils (as it is not drought tolerant).
3309 C has low to moderate vigour. It is a good rootstock for deep, well-drained cool soils that are well supplied with water, but unsuited for dry and shallow conditions and not appropriate for heavy soils. It has a deep growing, well-branched root system. It has some tolerance to lime (up to 11% active lime) and acid soils, but does not tolerate saline soils well. It has a tendency to induce potassium deficiency in overcropped young vines on clay soils. Young vines grafted to 3309C can be very nutrient-demanding (Cirami, 1999).
Alternative to 1103 Paulsen.
Alternative to 1103 Paulsen.